Experiencing versus measuring indoor environmental quality
Buildings’ indoor environmental quality (IEQ) affects occupants’ comfort and well-being. In hospitals this is known to impact on patients’ average length of stay. However, even when buildings achieve the target IEQ values, occupants are often not satisfied. This discrepancy can be attributed to the (a) often separate treatment of different IEQ parameters, while human experience is multi-sensory; (b) lack of attention for the continuous changes of indoor conditions in time and space; and (c) limited insight into interconnections between physical quantities, wellbeing and building features.
Therefore this project aims to gain insight into how people’s active and multi-sensory perception of the indoor environment relates to continuously varying IEQ parameters, and what this implies for architectural and engineering design and IEQ research. To this end, Sara will combine sensor measurements, giving objective information about the indoor environment, with ethnographic material about patients’ subjective experiences. How the findings can be transposed to design practice will be discussed with architects and engineers.
This will cast new light on research in the areas of IEQ, healing environments and the sensory experience of architecture and current design practices, especially in the context of hospital design. In this way the research seeks to contribute to a more comfortable and healthy indoor environment.
This research is supported by a PhD fellowship of the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) and conducted by Sara Willens under supervision of Ann Heylighen (Research[x]Design) and Dirk Saelens (Building Physics).
publications / presentations
Willems, S., Saelens, D., Heylighen, A. (2022). Discrepancies between predicted and actual indoor environmental (dis)comfort: the role of hospitalized patients’ adaptation strategies. Building Research And Information, 1-18.
Willems, S., Saelens, D., Heylighen, A. (2021). Patient well-being, adaptation of/to indoor conditions, and hospital room design: Two mixed methods case studies. Building Research And Information, 1-29.
- Willems, S., Saelens, D., Heylighen, A. (2020). A Mixed-Methods Approach To Understand And Estimate People’s Indoor Environmental Quality Assessment: A Hospital Pilot Case Study. In: Proceedings of IAQ2020. Presented at the Indoor Environmental Quality Performance Approaches (IAQ2020), Athens, Sep 2020.
Willems S., Saelens, D., Heylighen, A. (2020). Comfort requirements versus lived experience: Combining different research approaches to indoor environmental quality. Architectural Science Review 63(3-4).
Willems S., Saelens D., Heylighen A. (2018). Patients’ dissatisfaction versus target values for indoor environmental quality: reconsidering research methodologies. Presented at the ARCH19: BUILDING FOR BETTER HEALTH - Research & innovation in architecture & urban design for care & health, Trondheim, 12 Jun 2019-13 Jun 2019.